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Título: Integrated Fractionation-Hydrolysis Process using Sub- and Supercritical Water for Lignocellulosic Biomass Valorization
Autor: Piqueras, Cristian M.
Cabeza, Álvaro
Gallina, Gianluca
Cantero, Danilo A.
García-Serna, Juan
Cocero Alonso, María José
Año del Documento: 2017
Editorial: Elsevier
Documento Fuente: Chemical Engineering Journal, Enero 2017, vol. 308, p. 110-125
Resumen: A novel process coupling the fractionation and hydrolysis reactors is presented. Holm oak was used as real lignocellulosic biomass to be treated. In the fractionation reactor, hemicellulose and cellulose were solubilized and partially hydrolyzed in different stages with the aim of feeding the hydrolysis reactor with high C5 concentrations or C6 concentrations. The fractionation was performed in two stages: at 180°C optimizing the hemicellulose extraction and at 260°C extracting cellulose and hard hemicellulose remaining in the biomass structure. Three water flows were tested: 11, 17 and 26 cm³/min. Sugar yields from 71 to 75% were reached, mainly composed of xylose and glucose oligomers and lower amounts of other chemicals, like retro-aldol products, acetic acid or 5-HMF. The outlet stream from the fractionation reactor was directly mixed with sub or supercritical water at the inlet mixer of a SHR where the reaction time was precisely controlled. The temperature, pressure and reaction time were modified to get an insight of their effect on the yield of retro-aldol condensation products. Yields of 24% for glycolaldehyde, and pyruvaldehyde were found at 8.3 s, 350°C and 162 bar (hydrolysis reactor conditions). On other hand, 25% of lactic acid was found at 0.23 s, 396°C and 245 bar. A discussion based on a known reaction pathway is proposed. Moreover, a kinetic model for the hydrolysis reactor was proposed, being able to reproduce the experimental data with deviations lower than 10% for sugars and other products extracted. This combined process performs a selective valorization of real lignocellulosic biomass, avoiding the costly process of extreme grinding needed for the fluidization in a continuous hydrothermal process.
Revisión por Pares: SI
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.09.007
Patrocinador: CTQ2015-64892-R (MINECO/FEDER)
Version del Editor: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/chemical-engineering-journal
Idioma: spa
URI: http://uvadoc.uva.es/handle/10324/23480
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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