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Título: Exploring non-stationarity patterns in schizophrenia: neural reorganization abnormalities in the alpha band
Autor: Nuñez, Pablo
Poza, Jesús
Bachiller, Alejandro
Gomez-Pilar, Javier
Lubeiro, Alba
Molina, Vicente
Hornero, Roberto
Año del Documento: 2017
Descripción: Producción Científica
Documento Fuente: Journal of Neural Engineering, Abril 2017, vol.14, n. 4, p. 046001
Resumen: Objective. The aim of this paper was to characterize brain non-stationarity during an auditory oddball task in schizophrenia (SCH). The level of non-stationarity was measured in the baseline and response windows of relevant tones in SCH patients and healthy controls. Approach. Event-related potentials were recorded from 28 SCH patients and 51 controls. Non-stationarity was estimated in the conventional electroencephalography frequency bands by means of Kullback-Leibler divergence (KLD). Relative power (RP) was also computed to assess a possible complementarity with KLD. Main results. Results showed a widespread statistically significant increase in the level of non-stationarity from baseline to response in all frequency bands for both groups. Statistically significant differences in non-stationarity were found between SCH patients and controls in beta-2 and especially in the alpha band. SCH patients showed more non-stationarity in the left parieto-occipital region during the baseline window in the beta-2 band. A leave-one-out cross validation classification study with feature selection based on binary stepwise logistic regression to discriminate between SCH patients and controls provided an accuracy of 89.87% and area under ROC of 0.9510. Significance. KLD can characterize transient neural reorganization during an attentional task in response to novelty and relevance. Our findings suggest anomalous reorganization of neural dynamics in SCH during an oddball task. The abnormal frequency-dependent modulation found in SCH patients during relevant tones is in agreement with the hypothesis of aberrant salience detection in SCH. The increase in non-stationarity in the alpha band during the active task supports the notion that this band is involved in top-down processing. The baseline differences in the beta-2 band suggest that hyperactivation of the default mode network during attention tasks may be related to SCH symptoms. Furthermore, the binary stepwise logistic regression procedure selected features from both KLD and RP, supporting the idea that these measures can be complementary.
Revisión por Pares: SI
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-2552/aa6e05
Patrocinador: This research project was supported in part by the projects TEC2014-53196-R of ‘Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad’ and FEDER; the project VA037U16 from the “Consejería de Educación de la Junta de Castilla y León”, the “Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias (Instituto de Salud Carlos III)” under projects FIS PI11/02203 and PI15/00299; and the “Gerencia Regional de Salud de Castilla y León” under projects GRS 932/A/14 and GRS 1134/A/15. P. Núñez was in receipt of a ‘Promoción de empleo joven e implantación de la Garantía Juvenil en I+D+i’ grant from ‘Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad’ and the University of Valladolid, A. Bachiller and J. Gomez-Pilar were in receipt of a PIF-UVA grant from the University of Valladolid. A. Lubeiro has a predoctoral scholarship from the “Junta de Castilla y León” and European Social Fund.
Propietario de los Derechos: Journal of Neural Engineering
Idioma: eng
URI: http://uvadoc.uva.es/handle/10324/25277
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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