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Title: Evaluation of Machine-Learning Approaches to Estimate Sleep Apnea Severity from at-Home Oximetry Recordings
Authors: Gutiérrez-Tobal, Gonzalo César
Álvarez, Daniel
Crespo, Andrea
del Campo, Félix
Hornero, Roberto
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: IEEE
Description: Producción Científica
Citation: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, In Press
Abstract: Complexity, costs, and waiting lists issues demand a simplified alternative for sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) diagnosis. The blood oxygen saturation signal (SpO2) carries useful information about SAHS and can be easily acquired from overnight oximetry. In this study, SpO2 single-channel recordings from 320 subjects were obtained at patients’ home. They were used to automatically obtain statistical, spectral, non-linear, and clinical SAHS-related information. Relevant and non-redundant data from these analyses were subsequently used to train and validate four machine-learning methods with ability to classify SpO2 signals into one out of the four SAHS-severity degrees (no-SAHS, mild, moderate, and severe). All the models trained (linear discriminant analysis, 1-vs-all logistic regression, Bayesian multi-layer perceptron, and AdaBoost), outperformed the diagnostic ability of the conventionally-used 3% oxygen desaturation index. An AdaBoost model built with linear discriminants as base classifiers reached the highest figures. It achieved 0.479 Cohen’s  in the SAHS severity classification, as well as 92.9%, 87.4%, and 78.7% accuracies in binary classification tasks using increasing severity thresholds (apnea-hypopnea index: 5, 15, and 30 events/hour, respectively). These results suggest that machine learning can be used along with SpO2 information acquired at patients’ home to help in SAHS diagnosis simplification.
Peer Review: SI
Sponsor: This research has been supported by the project VA037U16 from the Consejería de Educación de la Junta de Castilla y León, the project 265/2012 of the Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torácica (SEPAR), the projects RTC-2015-3446-1 and TEC2014-53196-R from the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, and the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER). D. Álvarez was in receipt of a Juan de la Cierva grant from the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad
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Rights Owner: IEEE
Language: eng
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:GIB - Artículos de revista

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