|Título: ||Optimized Diffusion-Weighting Gradient Waveform Design (ODGD) formulation for motion compensation and concomitant gradient nulling|
|Autor: ||Peña-Nogales, Óscar|
H. Holmes, James
|Año del Documento: ||2018|
|Descripción: ||Producción Científica|
|Documento Fuente: ||Magn. Reson. Med 2018;00:1-15|
|Resumen: ||Purpose: To present a novel Optimized Diffusion-weighting Gradient waveform Design (ODGD) method for the design of minimum echo time (TE), bulk motion-compensated, and concomitant gradient (CG)-nulling waveforms for diffusion MRI.
Methods: ODGD motion-compensated waveforms were designed for various moment-nullings Mn (n=0,1,2), for a range of b-values, and spatial resolutions, both without (ODGD-Mn) and with CG-nulling (ODGD-Mn-CG). Phantom and in-vivo (brain and liver) experiments were conducted with various ODGD waveforms to compare motion robustness, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps with state-of-the-art waveforms.
Results:ODGD-Mn and ODGD-Mn-CG waveforms reduced the TE of state-of-the-art waveforms. This TE reduction resulted in significantly higher SNR (P < 0.05) in both phantom and in-vivo experiments. ODGD-M1 improved the SNR of BIPOLAR (42.8+-5.3 versus 32.9+-3.3) in the brain, and ODGD-M2 the SNR of motion-compensated (MOCO) and Convex Optimized Diffusion Encoding-M2 (CODE-M2) (12.3+-3.6 versus 9.7+-2.9 and 10.2+-3.4, respectively) in the liver. Further, ODGD-M2 also showed excellent motion robustness in the liver. ODGD-M2-CG waveforms reduced the CG-related dephasing effects of non CG-nulling waveforms in phantom and in-vivo experiments, resulting in accurate ADC maps.
Conclusions: ODGD waveforms enable motion-robust diffusion MRI with reduced TEs, increased SNR, and reduced ADC bias compared to state-of-the-art waveforms in theoretical results, simulations, phantoms and in-vivo experiments.|
|Palabras Clave: ||Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)|
diffusion-weighting gradient waveforms
concomitant gradient (CG)-nulling
|Revisión por Pares: ||SI|
|Aparece en las colecciones:||DEP71 - Artículos de revista|