2021-09-22T14:43:34Zhttps://uvadoc.uva.es/oai/requestoai:uvadoc.uva.es:10324/228712021-06-24T07:20:22Zcom_10324_22154com_10324_954com_10324_894col_10324_22155
Cariñena Marzo, José Fernando
Fernández-Rañada Menéndez De Luarca, Manuel
Santander Navarro, Mariano
2017-03-29T19:32:15Z
2017-03-29T19:32:15Z
2016
European Journal of Physics, 2016, vol. 37, n. 2. 19 p.
1361-6404
http://uvadoc.uva.es/handle/10324/22871
10.1088/0143-0807/37/2/025004
Hodographs for the Kepler problem are circles. This fact, known for almost two centuries, still provides the simplest path to derive the Kepler first law. Through Feynman's 'lost lecture', this derivation has now reached a wider audience. Here we look again at Feynman's approach to this problem, as well as the recently suggested modification by van Haandel and Heckman (vHH), with two aims in mind, both of which extend the scope of the approach. First we review the geometric constructions of the Feynman and vHH approaches (that prove the existence of elliptic orbits without making use of integral calculus or differential equations) and then extend the geometric approach to also cover the hyperbolic orbits (corresponding to $E\gt 0$). In the second part we analyse the properties of the director circles of the conics, which are used to simplify the approach, and we relate with the properties of the hodographs and Laplace–Runge–Lenz vector the constant of motion specific to the Kepler problem. Finally, we briefly discuss the generalisation of the geometric method to the Kepler problem in configuration spaces of constant curvature, i.e. in the sphere and the hyperbolic plane.
eng
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
© 2016 IOP Publishing
A new look at the Feynman ‘hodograph’ approach to the Kepler first law
info:eu-repo/semantics/article