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dc.contributor.authorVaquero Martínez, Javier
dc.contributor.authorAntón, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorSanchez Lorenzo, Arturo
dc.contributor.authorCachorro Revilla, Victoria Eugenia 
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-09T08:33:01Z
dc.date.available2022-03-09T08:33:01Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationRemote Sensing, 2020, vol. 12, n. 8, 1307es
dc.identifier.issn2072-4292es
dc.identifier.urihttps://uvadoc.uva.es/handle/10324/52315
dc.descriptionProducción Científicaes
dc.description.abstractWater vapor radiative effects (WVRE) at surface in the long-wave (LW) and short-wave (SW) spectral ranges under cloud and aerosol free conditions are analyzed for seven stations in Spain over the 2007–2015 period. WVRE is calculated as the difference between the net flux obtained by two radiative transfer simulations; one with water vapor from Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements and the other one without any water vapor (dry atmosphere). The WVRE in the LW ranges from 107.9Wm2 to 296.7Wm−2 , while in the SW it goes from −64.9Wm−2 to −6.0Wm−2 . The results show a clear seasonal cycle, which allows the classification of stations in three sub-regions. In general, for total (SW + LW) and LW WVRE, winter (DJF) and spring (MAM) values are lower than summer (JJA) and autumn (SON). However, in the case of SW WVRE, the weaker values are in winter and autumn, and the stronger ones in summer and spring. Positive trends for LW (and total) WVRE may partially explain the well-known increase of surface air temperatures in the study region. Additionally, negative trends for SW WVRE are especially remarkable, since they represent about a quarter of the contribution of aerosols to the strong brightening effect (increase of the SW radiation flux at surface associated with a reduction of the cloud cover and aerosol load) observed since the 2000s in the Iberian Peninsula, but with opposite sign, so it is suggested that water vapor could be partially masking the full magnitude of this brightening.es
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfes
dc.language.isoenges
dc.publisherMDPIes
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subject.classificationWater vapor - Radiative effects - Europe - Spaines
dc.subject.classificationAgua, Vapor de - Efectos radiativos - Europa - Españaes
dc.titleEvaluation of Water Vapor Radiative Effects Using GPS Data Series over Southwestern Europees
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees
dc.rights.holder© 2020 The Authorses
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/rs12081307es
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/12/8/1307es
dc.peerreviewedSIes
dc.description.projectMinisterio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (grant CGL2017-87917-P)es
dc.description.projectJunta de Extremadura - Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (grant IB18092)es
dc.description.projectMinisterio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (project RTI2018-097864-B-I00 and fellowship RYC-2016–20784)es
dc.description.projectJunta de Extremadura - Fondo Social Europeo (fellowship PD18029)es
dc.rightsAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones


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