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Wound healing following refractive surgery in hens
Año del Documento
Experimental Eye Research, 2006, vol. 83. p.728-735
The wound-healing response is critical to the outcome of refractive surgery and studying wound healing contributes to an understanding of the pathophysiology of other corneal injuries. Animal models allow research to be conducted with sufficient samples and under controlled parameters. We studied the hen to determine the healing process from clinical, biophysical, and biological standpoints after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). PRK ( 6.0 diopters) was performed in hen eyes. At 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h and 5, 7, 15, 30, and 60 days postoperatively, we studied the clinical follow-up, objective measurements of light transmission (direct transmittance), apoptosis by TUNEL assay, proliferation by immunocytochemical analysis of 5-bromo-20-deoxyuridine, and expression of alpha smooth muscle actin (SMA) in myofibroblasts in the corneas. Hen corneas reepithelialize quickly. Haze developed from 5 to 60 days after surgery and was correlated with the appearance and finalization of the expression of SMA. The direct transmittance of light was low during the first 15 days and improved at 30 and 60 days. TUNEL-positive cells were observed 3 h after surgery and the numbers decreased thereafter. Epithelial proliferation began at 12 h and was greater at 48 h, while stromal cell proliferation began at 24 h and was greater at 72 h. The hen cornea is anatomically similar to the human cornea, and the manner in which it heals is a good model for studying different surgical techniques and pharmacologic assays.
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