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WIP and WASP play complementary roles in T cell homing and chemotaxis to SDF-1a
Año del Documento
Oxford University Press
International Immunology,2005, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 221–232
Homing of lymphocytes to tissues is a biologically important multistep process that involves selectindependent rolling, integrin-dependent adhesion and chemokine-directed chemotaxis. The actin cytoskeleton plays a central role in lymphocyte adhesion and motility. Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP), the product of the gene mutated in Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome, and its partner, the Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome protein-interacting protein (WIP), play important roles in actin re-organization in T lymphocytes. We used mice with disruption of the WASP and WIP genes to examine the role of WASP and WIP in T cell homing. T cell homing to spleen and lymph nodes in vivo was deficient in WASP / and WIP / mice and severely impaired in WASP / WIP / double knockout (DKO) mice. Deficiency of WASP, WIP or both did not interfere with selectin-dependent rolling or integrin-dependent adhesion of T cells in vitro. Chemotaxis to stromal cell-derived factor-1a (SDF-1a) in vitro was mildly reduced in T cells from WASP / mice. In contrast, it was significantly impaired in T cells from WIP / mice and severely reduced in T cells from DKO mice. Cellular F-actin increase following SDF-1a stimulation was normal in WASP / and WIP / T cells, but severely reduced in T cells from DKO mice. Actin re-organization and polarization in response to SDF-1a was abnormal in T cells from all knockout mice. Early biochemical events following SDF-1a stimulation that are important for chemotaxis and that included phosphorylation of Lck, cofilin, PAK1 and extracellular regulated kinase (Erk) and GTP loading of Rac-1 were examined in T cells from DKO mice and found to be normal. These results suggest that WASP and WIP are not essential for T lymphocyte rolling and adhesion, but play important and partially redundant roles in T cell chemotaxis in vitro and homing in vivo and function downstream of small GTPases.
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