|Título: ||Older drivers, medical condition, medical impairment and crash risk|
|Autor: ||Álvarez, Francisco Javier|
|Año del Documento: ||2008|
|Descripción: ||Producción Científica|
|Documento Fuente: ||Accid. Anal. Prev. 2008; 40(1): 55-60|
|Resumen: ||New evidence has appeared to support the fact that the over-involvement of older drivers in traffic accidents disappears when the low mileage
bias is taken into account. As a group, older drivers are as safe as or safer than other age groups, and only low mileage older drivers have a high
crash rate. Furthermore, the role of the medical condition of older drivers in traffic accidents, as well as the fitness to drive evaluation, are objects of
controversy.We examined all this with a cohort of 4316 drivers attending Medical Driving Test Centres for a mandatory fitness to drive evaluation.
Our data shows that older drivers (≥75) have a lower crash rate. Medical conditions that impair fitness to drive, as a tendency, increased with
advanced age and with lower mileage group. The multivariate analysis of variance showed that there is an effect (p < 0.0001) of age-range and
mileage on the annual crash rate per million kilometres driven, while a medical restriction (“fit to drive with restriction”) has no effect (p > 0.05).
Our data suggests that health status is not associated with increased crash risk for the low mileage group, although further studies are needed.|
|Materias (normalizadas): ||Personas de edad - Conducción - Riesgos|
|Revisión por Pares: ||SI|
|Aparece en las colecciones:||DEP05 - Artículos de revista|