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Título: Alcohol-related problems and fitness to drive
Autor: Del Río, M. Carmen
González-Luque, Juan Carlos
Álvarez, Francisco Javier
Año del Documento: 2001
Editorial: Oxford University Press
Descripción: Producción Científica
Documento Fuente: Alcohol Alcohol. 2001;36(3):256-61
Resumen: This paper analyses the alcohol consumption patterns in Spanish drivers, the incidence of alcohol-related problems and attempts to ascertain whether, in the end, drivers with alcohol-related problems are considered fit or unfit to drive. In accordance with Spanish and European Union legislation, driving licences cannot be issued or renewed to people suffering from alcohol-related problems. A medical, psychological and eyesight evaluation was performed to test the driving fitness of 8043 drivers attending 25 Medical Driving Test Centres on a national scale. Among other things, information was collected on the patterns of alcohol consumption, the AUDIT and CAGE tests, the incidence of alcohol-related problems (DSM-IV criteria for abuse, dependence and alcohol-induced disorder), as well as an evaluation of their fitness to drive. In all, 60.3% of drivers drink alcohol on a regular basis; 7.3% of drivers scored ≥8 points in the AUDIT test, and 2% met criteria for DSM-IV alcohol abuse, dependence or induced disorder. Drivers with alcohol-related problems have been involved in traffic accidents (23.2%) and have infringed driving regulations (18.7%) more frequently (P < 0.0001) than those without alcohol-related problems. Of those with alcohol-related problems, 72.2% were considered fit to drive. The study reveals that alcohol consumption is common among drivers, that a significant number of drivers have alcohol-related problems, and that three in four of the latter were considered fit to drive
Materias (normalizadas): Automóviles - Conducción en estado de embriaguez
ISSN: 0735-0414
Revisión por Pares: SI
DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/36.3.256 256-261
Idioma: eng
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Aparece en las colecciones:DEP05 - Artículos de revista

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