Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem:http://uvadoc.uva.es/handle/10324/22997
Insights into speleothems from lava tubes of the Galapagos Islands (Ecuador): mineralogy and biogenecity
Año del Documento
17th International Vulcanspeleology Symposium
Different types of hard and soft speleothems (stalactites, stalagmites, columns, crusts, flowstones, micro-gours and botryoidal coralloids) have been observed throughout lava tubes in the Galapagos archipelago, Ecuador. Three lava tubes were studied in this work: Gallardo and Royal Palm volcanic caves (Santa Cruz Island) and Sucre Cave (Isabela Island). The studied speleothems were mainly formed by opal, calcite and clay minerals, including plagioclase and pyroxenes from the basaltic host rock. Rarely, iron oxides, gypsum were found in some speleothems, which were interpreted as alteration products of the primary volcanic materials. Field emission scanning electron microscopy revealed abundant filamentous 17th International Vulcanspeleology Symposium 2 bacteria, and reticulated filaments similar to those recently observed in others lava tubes around the world. These filaments are associated with EPS and mineral deposits rich in Si, Ca or Fe. The identified minerals and the evidence of biosignatures suggest a biological contribution to speleothem development within Gallardo, Royal Palm and Sucre lava tubes.