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Title: Enhanced carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus removal from domestic wastewater in a novel anoxic-aerobic photobioreactor coupled with biogas upgrading
Authors: García, Dimas
Alcántara, Cynthia
Blanco, Saúl
Pérez, Rebeca
Bolado Rodríguez, Silvia
Muñoz Torre, Raúl
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Description: Producción Científica
Citation: Chemical Engineering Journal, 2017, Volume 313, Pages 424–434
Abstract: This work evaluated the performance of an innovative anoxic-aerobic algal-bacterial photobioreactor coupled with biogas upgrading for the treatment of domestic wastewater via nitrification-denitrification. The process, which incorporated a biomass settling step followed by recycling to the anoxic tank, was operated at a hydraulic retention time of 2 days, a sludge retention time of ≈11 days under a 12 h/12 h light/dark irradiation cycle at 392 μE m−2 * s−1. An increase in the removal efficiency of TN from 38% to 81%, NH4+ from 39% to 97%, and P-PO43− from 59% to 64% were recorded when additional CO2 was supplied to the photobioreactor via biogas scrubbing, which supported an almost complete nitrification of the NH4+ to NO3− and promoted microalgae growth (with the subsequent enhancement in N and P assimilation). TOC removal remained constant at 90 ± 2% regardless of the addition of CO2, while the effluent biomass concentration averaged 26 ± 12 mg TSS/L. A DGGE-sequencing analysis of the bacterial community revealed the occurrence of 10 phyla, Proteobacteria being the dominant phylum. Finally, the morphological characterization of the microalgae population dynamics revealed a gradual dominance of the genus Scenedesmus, which accounted for 94–100% at the end of the experiment.
Classification: Biogás
Peer Review: SI
Sponsor: Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (Project CTM2015-70442-R and Red NOVEDAR)
Publisher Version:
Language: eng
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:GTA - Artículos de revista
DEP48 - Artículos de revista

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