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Título: Calcium signalling in cardiac muscle cells
Autor: Withrow, Gil Wier
López López, José Ramón
Shacklock, Philip S.
Balke, C. William
Congreso: Ciba Foundation Symposium 188
Año del Documento: 1995
Editorial: University of Maryland. School of Medicine
Descripción Física: 18 p.
Descripción: Producción Científica
Documento Fuente: Calcium waves, gradients and oscillations. Ciba Foundation Symposium 188. Chichester: Willey, 1995, p.146-164
Resumen: In heart cells, severa! distinct kinds of transient spatial patterns of cytoplasmic calcium ion concentration ([ Ca2 + )¡) can be observed: (1) [ Ca2 + )¡ waves, in which regions of spontaneously increased [ Ca2 + ] ; propagate at high velocity (100 ¡.im/s) through the cell; (2) Ca2 + 'sparks', which are spontaneous, non-propagating changes in [ Ca2 + ] ; that are localized in small ( == 2 ¡.im) subcellular regions; and (3) evoked [ Ca2 + )¡ transients that are elicited by electrical depolarization, in association with normal excitation-contraction (E­ C) coupling. In confocal [ Ca2 + ] ¡ images, evoked [ Ca2 + ] ; transients appear to be nearly spatially uniform throughout the cell, except during their rising phase or during small depolarizations. In contrast to [Ca2 + )¡ waves and spontaneous Ca2 + sparks, evoked [ Ca2 + ] ; transients are triggered by L-type Ca2 + channel current and they are 'controlled', in the sense that stopping the L-type Ca2 + current stops them. Despite their different characteristics, ali three types of Ca2 + transient involve Ca2 + -induced release of Ca2 + from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. Here, we address the question of how the autocatalytic process of Ca2 + -induced Ca2 + release, which can easily be understood to underlie spontaneous regenerative ('uncontrolled'), propagating [Ca2 + )¡ waves, might be 'harnessed', under other circumstances, to produce controlled changes in [ Ca2 + ]¡, as during normal excitation-contraction coupling, or changes in [ Ca2 + )¡ that do not propagate. We discuss our observations of Ca2 + waves, Ca2 + sparks and normal Ca2 + transients in heart cells and review our results on the 'gain' of Ca2 + -induced Ca2 + release. We discuss a model involving Ca2 + microdomains beneath L-type Ca2 + channels, and clusters of Ca2 + -activated Ca2 + release channels in the sarcoplasmic reticulum which may form the basis of the answer to this question
Palabras Clave: Células cardíacas
Calcio
Idioma: eng
URI: http://uvadoc.uva.es/handle/10324/25024
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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