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Potential benefits of a cognitive training program in MCI
Año del Documento
Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, vol. 36 (2), pp. 207-213
Background - Dementia is a disease that is constantly evolving in older people. Its diverse symptoms appear with varying degrees of severity affecting the daily life of those who suffer from it. The rate in which dementia progresses depends on different aspects of the treatment, chosen to try to control and slow down the development of the illness. Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of cognitive training through a Brain Computer Interface (BCI) and the NeuronUp platform in two age groups whose MMSE is between 18-23 MCI (mild dementia). Method: 32 subjects took part in the study. There were 22 subjects in Group 1 (61-69 years of age) and 10 subjects in Group 2 (70-81 years of age). The criteria for the selection of the groups was to identify the age range with greater improvements due to the training. In order to estimate neuropsychological performance, the subjects were evaluated with the Luria-DNA neuropsychological battery before and after training. This design enables us to evaluate five cognitive areas: visuospatial, spoken language, memory, intellectual processes and attention. Results: Showed that after the training, Group 1 obtained significant improvements in almost all the variables measured when compared with Group 2. This reveals a significant increase in cognitive ability, which degree of enhancement is probably associated with age. Conclusion: All people with mild dementia may delay cognitive impairment with a suitable cognitive training program.
Revisión por pares
This research project was supported in part by “Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad” and FEDER under project TEC2014-53196-R, by ‘European Commission’ (POCTEP 0378_AD_EEGWA_2_P), and by ‘Consejería de Educación de la Junta de Castilla y León’ (VA037U16). J. Gomez-Pilar was in receipt of a grant from University of Valladolid. We thank the managers for their support in carrying out this study, and the people for accepting to participate in this research.
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Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience