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Título: Transcription factor induced conversion of human fibroblasts towards the hair cell lineage
Autor: Durán Alonso, María Beatriz
Fuente García, Miguel Angel de la
García-Sancho, Javier
Giraldez, Fernando
Schimmang, Thomas
Año del Documento: 2018
Editorial: Public Library of Science
Descripción: Producción Científica
Documento Fuente: PLoS ONE 13(7): e0200210
Resumen: Hearing loss is the most common sensorineural disorder, affecting over 5% of the population worldwide. Its most frequent cause is the loss of hair cells (HCs), the mechanosensory receptors of the cochlea. HCs transduce incoming sounds into electrical signals that activate auditory neurons, which in turn send this information to the brain. Although some spontaneous HC regeneration has been observed in neonatal mammals, the very small pool of putative progenitor cells that have been identified in the adult mammalian cochlea is not able to replace the damaged HCs, making any hearing impairment permanent. To date, guided differentiation of human cells to HC-like cells has only been achieved using either embryonic stem cells (ESCs) or induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). However, use of such cell types suffers from a number of important disadvantages, such as the risk of tumourigenicity if transplanted into the host´s tissue. We have obtained cells expressing hair cell markers from cultures of human fibroblasts by overexpression of GFI1, Pou4f3 and ATOH1 (GPA), three genes that are known to play a critical role in the development of HCs. Immunocytochemical, qPCR and RNAseq analyses demonstrate the expression of genes typically expressed by HCs in the transdifferentiated cells. Our protocol represents a much faster approach than the methods applied to ESCs and iPSCs and validates the combination of GPA as a set of genes whose activation leads to the direct conversion of human somatic cells towards the hair cell lineage. Our observations are expected to contribute to the development of future therapies aimed at the regeneration of the auditory organ and the restoration of hearing.
Palabras Clave: Células capilares
hair cell
ISSN: 1932-6203
Revisión por Pares: SI
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200210
Patrocinador: Junta de Castilla y León (programa de apoyo a proyectos de investigación – Ref. VA024U16, Feder 2014-2020)
Fundacion La Marato (Project 201227-30-31)
Red de Terapia Celular and Red de medicina regenerativa y terapia celular de Castilla y Leon.
Version del Editor: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0200210
Idioma: eng
URI: http://uvadoc.uva.es/handle/10324/32536
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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