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Title: Transition from the Wave Equation to Either the Heat or the Transport Equations through Fractional Differential Expressions
Authors: Olivar Romero, Fernando
Rosas Ortiz, Óscar
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: MDPI
Description: Producción Científica
Citation: Symmetry 2018, 10(10), 524;
Abstract: We present a model that intermediates among the wave, heat, and transport equations. The approach considers the propagation of initial disturbances in a one-dimensional medium that can vibrate. The medium is nonlinear in such a form that nonlocal differential expressions are required to describe the time evolution of solutions. Nonlocality was modeled with a space-time fractional differential equation of order 1≤α≤2 in time, and order 1≤β≤2 in space. We adopted the notion of Caputo for the time derivative and the Riesz pseudo-differential operator for the space derivative. The corresponding Cauchy problem was solved for zero initial velocity and initial disturbance, represented by either the Dirac delta or the Gaussian distributions. Well-known results for the conventional partial differential equations of wave propagation, diffusion, and (modified) transport processes were recovered as particular cases. In addition, regular solutions were found for the partial differential equation that arises from α=2 and β=1 . Unlike the above conventional cases, the latter equation permits the presence of nodes in its solutions
Classification: Ecuaciones diferenciales
Differential equations
Peer Review: SI
Publisher Version:
Language: eng
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:FM - Artículos de revista

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