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Social evolution in Jürgen Habermas: Towards a weak anthropological naturalism between Kant and Darwin
Año del Documento
Theoria, 2022, p. 1–22.
Issues concerning naturalism have increasingly become the subject of philosophical reflections involving ontological,epistemological, and even ethics affairs. The most popular topic for contemporary philosophy has been the relationship between ontological results of Darwinism and epistemology. Despite the varied circumstances of its establishment, natural-ism almost always produces recommendations that reflect a world view much“weaker”(as in the case of Habermas) than the strong one more common among scientism. There are good structural reasons for this difference. The aim of this paper is to elucidate some of distinctive social features of Habermas’s conception of the human being and its implications in the Theory of Communicative Action(1982). Therefore, it is shown that his anthropology takes a naturalistic and Darwinist perspective in the weak naturalism perspective. In the first part, Darwińs legacy is analysed as a research program, and Habermaś s studies on biological anthropologyare compared with the latest research in genetics and palaeontology. In the second part, we will show Habermas’s proposal to confront an epistemological dualism through aweak non-reductionist naturalism as a critique of modern metaphysics, which structures a new pragmatic realism.
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© 2022 The Authors
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución 4.0 Internacional