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Evidence for two types of nicotinic receptors in the cat carotid body chemoreceptor cells
Año del Documento
Brain Research 754 1997. 298–302
Current concepts on the location and functional significance of nicotinic receptors in the carotid body rest on a-bungarotoxin binding and autoradiographic studies. Using an in vitro preparation of the cat carotid body whose catecholamine deposits have been labeled by prior incubation with the tritiated natural precursor w3Hxtyrosine, we have found that nicotine induces release of w3Hxcatecholamines in a dose-dependent manner IC50s9.81 mM.. We also found that mecamylamine 50 mM. completely abolished the nicotine-induced release, while a-bungarotoxin 100 nM; f20 times its binding Kd. only reduced the release by 56%. These findings indicate that chemoreceptor cells, and perhaps other carotid body structures, contain nicotinic receptors that are not sensitive to a-bungarotoxin and force a revision of the current concepts on cholinergic mechanisms in the carotid body chemoreception.
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