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Analysis of barriers, supports and gender gap in the choice of STEM studies in secondary education
Año del Documento
International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 2022.
Society is more digitised than ever and there is an urgent need to train people in these sec- tors, where women are still under-represented. A quantitative descriptive, correlational and explanatory descriptive design was used to identify barriers, supports and gender gaps in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics in Secondary Education by analysing the interest and perception of 1562 students and 432 teachers. Descriptive statistics, Chi- square and Lambda test and Crame’s V or Phi test were performed together with a qualita- tive analysis. The results show that fewer female students want to pursue STEM studies, with girls preferring health and education professions and boys preferring engineering and computer science. Indeed, their motivation is different since we found correlations between being a girl and choosing STEM for helping people and society, while earning money is important for boys. Girls believe more necessary than boys to have qualities to study STEM and less often perceive themselves as intelligent and courageous. Our study revealed that families and teachers encourage more boys than girls towards STEM activities. Teachers believe that girls are influence by preconceived ideas, lack of STEM knowledge and lower self-esteem. Regarding gender equality, almost half state that no objectives are included in the curricula, 43.85% do not include it in subjects and only 30% received training. Consequently, female vocations need to be promoted by teaching how STEM solves real-life problems, fostering creativity, increasing self-confidence, promot- ing STEM activities and making female role models visible. Teachers should receive more gender training and promote gender-sensitive STEM education.
STEM career interest
Secondary school students
Secondary school teachers
Revisión por pares
Publicación en abierto financiada por el Consorcio de Bibliotecas Universitarias de Castilla y León (BUCLE), con cargo al Programa Operativo 2014ES16RFOP009 FEDER 2014-2020 DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN, Actuación:20007-CL - Apoyo Consorcio BUCLE
Version del Editor
Propietario de los Derechos
© 2022 The Author(s)
Tipo de versión
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución 4.0 Internacional